This course explores these questions through the lens of Humanism, from the ancient world to today, complete with an exploration of the institutions which make up the contemporary Humanist movement. Beginning with the non-theistic Jain and Carvaka movements in India, we will consider origin stories, religions, and philosophies, including the effects the Reformation on the concept of individual rights and freedoms. As participants clarify their ontological positions, we will consider contemporary challenges in ontology.